Drones have the potential to change the world with its useful features. It has proven its usefulness by transporting vaccines in the South Pacific and also to transport blood products in Rwanda. Apart from the health space, it is also helping in mapping, infrastructure inspection, crop monitoring, and the option of conveying people and goods.
However, like other technological aspects drone operations need protection from malicious operators. People depending on drones for business are the first to agree that drones need to be managed safely. However, it is not easy for it also not impossible. At the foremost, detection is necessary at the time of action. The drones emit and reflect various signals across a wide range of the spectrum. Which include sound, radar waves, and radio transmissions. They also include visible light and heat for activity. Most of these signals are useful to help distinguish drones in the region.
Important factors for Drone
It is imperative for the system to distinguish between a drone and a seagull. Also, differentiation in terms of ordinary and malicious ones is important. The systems need to be robust enough to identify malicious drones for security purposes.
Kinetic solutions are significant, mainly across various military settings, but in other environments like airports, scattering of the fragments of drone pieces may actually cause more problems. Jamming might be an effective solution but is not practical as it might interfere with other transmission modes like radio signals.
With the help of signal substitution, operators can control the drone and maneuver it back safely away. Other systems that depend on signal replacement, like DroneFox, and Embry-Riddle’s system, need to be updated to ensure they are responsive to other new cybersecurity threats.
To distinguish the drone the key is in identifying the radar signal that includes the size of objects, and the signatures from the spinning blade of drones. This helps in distinguishing it from birds. Presently, drones are saving numerous lives by its far reach. It is being used in all types of industries from film making to agriculture. However, the growth of the drone industry is dependent on empowering counter-drone operations which are reachable and reliable.